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Debunking the Deniers of Global Warming - 03 Sep 09:49

 

“The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a Swindle

by
Bill Butler

   “The Great Global Warming Swindle” (DVD/video/movie) is a pseudo-documentary in which British television producer Martin Durkin has fraudulently misrepresented both the data involved and scientists who have researched global climate. Movie director Durkin has willfully misrepresented the facts about global warming just to advocate his own agenda. The program was originally aired on England’s “Channel 4” (The “Supermarket Tabloid” of the airwaves). In the past, “Channel 4” has had to broadcast a prime-time apology for broadcasting another of Martin Durkin’s “sleazebag” pseudo-documentaries.



   “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is aimed at and appeals to the “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my mind” audience. There may be future media presentations by those who wish to promote ignorant political viewpoints instead of presenting factual knowledge. (Or possibly, the individuals involved have never passed a high school science course and don’t understand that there is a difference.)



   Martin Durkin’s

modus operandi

for the various versions of the DVD/video/movie appears to be:


1) I want to propagandize my anti-environment, anti-global warming agenda.


2) What kind of wild stories, manufactured “evidence”, etc. can I include this time to provide political fodder for the scientifically illiterate dimwits?




   The one cardinal rule in science is that you do not misrepresent the data. But this is what the producer of this pseudo-documentary has done to try to promote his own opinions.



   The picture-pairs that follow are Print Screen images from the video version of the pseudo-documentary vs. the factual data. At one time Google had a copy of the video at

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4499562022478442170

. All references refer to this Google “Wag TV” video version although it appears that it is no longer available at this link. There may be another slightly shorter version at:

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-3028847519933351566

Please search the Internet for other versions if this shorter version also disappears.



   Viewers are encouraged to compare each of the picture-pairs below and draw their own conclusions as to whether the pseudo-documentary is based on factual data, or if the pseudo-documentary falsifies the data as part of an anti-environmental campaign. (See the 2nd half of the pseudo-documentary for the anti-environmental campaign.)




The Actual Recent Temperature Record

   This first pair of pictures compares the

partial

temperature record as presented in “The Great Global Warming Swindle” vs. the actual observations as shown at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.



The fraudulent, partial temperature record from
"Swindle"

   The vertical bars at the right are the pseudo-documentary’s assertion that most of the recent rise in global temperatures occurred before 1940. The exact words from the pseudo-documentary are:


“Most of the rise in temperature occurred before 1940.” (About 14 min. 20 sec. into the presentation.)


Please take a close look at the right-hand portion of the graph.



   The picture below shows the actual changes in the world’s temperature as presented by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs/

The real complete temperature record via NASA

   Again please take a close look at the right-hand portion of the graph. The pseudo-documentary version of the temperature graph omits the last 20 years of data. (And “fluffed” the graph to disguise this omission.) The rapid increase in world temperatures over the last 20 years has paralleled the rapid rise in carbon dioxide concentrations. However, the pseudo-documentary does not include this data. (Note: The slight cooling that took place from 1940 to the 1960’s was caused by increasing sulfates in the atmosphere - see

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Climate_Change_Attribution.png

)



   The director of the pseudo-documentary has willfully omitted this most recent data because it would disprove the personal agenda that he is trying to promote. When anyone misrepresents real data to try to present a personal agenda, what he is doing is flat out



FRAUD!!

As defined by “Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law” at

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/fraud

“fraud - specifically : a misrepresentation or concealment with reference to some fact material to a transaction that is made with knowledge of its falsity or in reckless disregard of its truth or falsity and with the intent to deceive another”


   The GISS climate database is shown in the above chart. GISS is used as it covers the entire earth’s surface. Some of the Global Warming Deniers claim that GISS is not representative. The graph below shows the temperature records from all four of the major climate databases. (NASA/GISS, NOAA/NCDC, HadleyCRU, and JMA (Japan Meteorological Agency)) All four show similar temperature patterns including sharp warming in recent decades.



A graph of all four of the major climate databases.

Note: After the relatively cooler year seen in 2008, temperature anomalies for 2009 are right back up near the record highs seen earlier this decade.





The “Global Cooling” Assertions

   And what do the purveyors of the “Global Warming Denial Machine” say when you show them that the climate is warming? The following story, posted at DailyTech.com on Feb. 26, 2008, is typical. (Note the date.)



“Twelve-month long drop in world temperatures wipes out a century of warming”
http://www.dailytech.com/Temperature+Monitors+Report+Widescale+Global+Cooling/article10866.htm

In reality 2008 showed a temperature anomaly of +0.54  degrees C. 

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/tabledata/GLB.Ts.txt

This makes 2008 the 9th warmest year in history. (2005 is the record warmest year with 2007 the 2nd warmest. - Please refer to the above graph.)




“Accuweather’s” Joe Bastardi

   The “Global Cooling” assertion by the “Global Warming Deniers” even extends to people who should know better. For example, Accuweather’s Joe Bastardi has been claiming for years that the climate is cooling. In 2005 he said:



“A weather expert says December 2005 is on pace to become one of the 10 coldest in more than 100 years, despite claims at a global conference on climate change this week that the Earth is getting warmer.
Joe Bastardi, senior meteorologist with Accuweather.com, says present weather patterns across the country show below-normal temperatures in the single digits, with still colder air forecast in the coming weeks.
All told, he said, "the current look and pace may bring December 2005 in as a top 10 month for cold Decembers nationwide since the late 1800s."”

http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=47887

In practice, Dec. 2005 turned out to be the 2nd warmest December on record (up through 2005).



Does the phrase “Out of touch with reality” come to mind?
As the credit card ad says:   “Priceless”

   Joe Bastardi also appears to be guilty of unprofessional conduct in that his Global Warming Denial is part of a political agenda. For example, there is a chart that shows “Global Cooling” some 80 to 95 seconds into a Joe Bastardi video that can be seen at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6Y2iF99kOY

. (A close-up of the chart can be seen at

http://icecap.us/images/uploads/SPPI8YR.jpg

) Note that the source of the chart (as seen in the close-up) is “www.scienceandpublicpolicy.org”.



The chart itself has several faults:


1) The source of the “data” is left as a mystery.


2) The time period of 1998 to present is much too short to be representative.


3) The starting year of 1998 is about a blatant example of “cherry picking” as you are ever going to get.


Additional info about the chart’s origin and misrepresentations including “Not just wrong, fake.” can be found at:


http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2009/05/moncktons-deliberate-manipulation/
http://www.ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/myths/christopher-monckton

   For what it’s worth, Christopher Monckton and everything he asserts is thoroughly debunked at “A Scientist Replies to Christopher Monckton” 

http://www.stthomas.edu/engineering/jpabraham/

The slide show includes a debunking Monckton’s graph(s). (More below.)



   The actual label on the graph is “www.scienceandpublicpolicy.org”. “Science and Public Policy” is basically a one-man operation run by a long-time Republican staffer named Robert Ferguson.

http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/contact.html

The following information about Robert Ferguson and the Science and Public Policy Global Cooling graph can be seen at:


http://www.desmogblog.com/the-endocrinologist-the-viscount-of-brenchley-and-the-dc-think-tank

“Notes on the Science and Public Policy Global Cooling graph.
(Run by Robert Ferguson)
The Science and Public Policy Institute (SPPI) was founded by a long-time Republican staffer named Robert Ferguson. According to the SPPI website, Ferguson "has 26 years of Capitol Hill experience, having worked in both the House and Senate. He served in the House Republican Study Committee, the Senate Republican Policy Committee; as Chief of Staff to Congressman Jack Fields (R-TX) from 1981-1997, Chief of Staff to
Congressman John E. Peterson (R-PA) from 1997-2002 and Chief of Staff to Congressman Rick Renzi (R-AZ) in 2002.

Until recently, Ferguson worked for an oil-industry funded think tank called Frontiers of Freedom. The Frontiers of Freedom are one of the most active groups in the attack on climate science and have received over $1 million in grants from oil giant ExxonMobil.”

As for Joe Bastardi’s (not factual) “knowledge” of past climates, on multiple occasions he has stated:



“The Vikings were raising grapes on the north coast in Newfoundland.”


http://newsbusters.org/blogs/jeff-poor/2009/12/11/accuweather-forecaster-climate-change-it-s-ice-not-fire-you-re-going-be-w
http://baroclinic.blogspot.com/2009/12/joe-bastardi-weighs-in-on-climategate.html

   In reality, the only known Viking settlement in North American was at “L'Anse aux Meadows”, and this was used as a staging ground for expeditions that extended as far south as Nova Scotia.


“The L'Anse aux Meadows site is not Vínland.”


http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/North_American_exploration.htm

“Although L'Anse aux Meadows is not Vinland”


http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/lhn-nhs/nl/meadows/natcul/vinland.aspx

Bastardi’s claim that it was warm enough 1,000 years ago to grow grapes in northern Newfoundland is simply an arrogant fantasy.



   In summary, Joe Bastardi is promoting a political agenda from a person who “has 26 years of Capitol Hill experience” instead of sticking to the science of meteorology.



   Also, please see: “

Meteorological Malpractice

: Accuweather’s Joe Bastardi pushes the “70s Ice Age Scare” myth again”


http://climateprogress.org/2010/01/07/accuweather-meteorologist-joe-bastardi-pushes-the-70s-ice-age-scare-myth-science/

“Accuweather’s meteorologist Joe Bastardi likes to push anti-science global cooling conspiracy theories”





   Some of the Global Warming Deniers “cherry pick” a short time period from the HadCRUT 3V database to claim that the world has been cooling since 1998. This is willfully misleading for several reasons.



1) The short time period is not representative.


2) The starting date is obvious “cherry picking”.


3) HadCRUT 3V does not include the Arctic Ocean/North Pole area. GISS does include the Arctic. GISS is a better database as it includes a larger area. Warming has been greatest over the Arctic which is why GISS data shows more warming than HadCRUT 3V. There is more information on this difference at:


http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2008/11/mind-the-gap/




Christopher Monckton

   While Christopher Monckton did not appear in Durkin’s movie, he has promoted it. ( Please see paragraph 5 at:

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/education/article2652851.ece

) He is also one of the “leading lights” (dimwits) of the Global Warming Denier movement. As is typical of Global Warming Deniers, Christopher Monckton is an expert at making noise and scientifically impaired when it comes to portraying reality. (Great qualifications if you want to be a politician or circus side show barker.)



   The following two pictures illustrate how Christopher Monckton misrepresents reality.



Christopher Monckton's
assertion “Arctic sea-ice extent is just fine: steady for a decade”

(Also see slide 56 at

http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/monckton_2009.pdf

)



   The picture above is from John Abraham’s presentation: “A Scientist Replies to Christopher Monckton”

http://www.stthomas.edu/engineering/jpabraham/

The picture is a copy of a slide used in one of Monckton’s presentations where Monckton states that the “Arctic sea-ice extent is just fine: steady for a decade”. The picture shows the typical SEASONAL (winter to summer) changes in ice coverage. The seasonal pattern is relatively large as compared to the slower changes due to Global Warming/Climate Change, and thus the longer term decrease in the ice pack is not readily apparent.



(As for Monckton’s inclusion of the “crown” icon on his chart, try


http://www.google.com/search?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rlz=1T4GGLD_enUS314US314&q=monckton+narcissism

and see what happens.)





As opposed to Monckton's
assertion, the Arctic ice pack is steadily decreasing.

   The picture above is from the University of Washington’s Applied Physics Laboratory, and shows yearly Arctic Ice Pack volume anomalies. 

http://psc.apl.washington.edu/ArcticSeaiceVolume/IceVolume.php

The volume of Arctic sea ice is actually declining rapidly with the trend accelerating. Monckton’s description of this decline is:

“Arctic sea-ice extent is just fine: steady for a decade”

   In the world of Global Warming Deniers, it appears that blatant lying and bullyism are considered to be virtues when you are trying to force your political agenda down everyone else’s throat.


Hey, Christopher Monckton! Guess what might happen if you keep
telling whoppers?

Illustration: Glen Le Lievre



For more info on Monckton’s lies, please see:


“Monckton lies again (and again, and again, and again, and again . . .)!”


http://timpanogos.wordpress.com/2009/10/18/monckton-lies-again-and-again-and-again-and-again-the-continuing-saga-of-a-practicer-of-fiction/

“Debunking the myths behind the pontificating potty peer”


http://www.theage.com.au/opinion/society-and-culture/debunking-the-myths-behind-the-pontificating-potty-peer-20100205-nikc.html

and


Christopher Monckton - A vociferous Global Warming Denier Liar


http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/GwdLiarsChristopherMonckton.html





The Myth of the 1970s Global Cooling Scientific Consensus

The following is a quote from the American Meteorological Society.


http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1175%2F2008BAMS2370.1

“An enduring popular myth suggests that in the 1970s the climate science community was predicting “global cooling” and an “imminent” ice age, an observation frequently used by those who would undermine what climate scientists say today about the prospect of global warming. A review of the literature suggests that, on the contrary, greenhouse warming even then dominated scientists' thinking as being one of the most important forces shaping Earth's climate on human time scales. More importantly than showing the falsehood of the myth, this review describes how scientists of the time built the foundation on which the cohesive enterprise of modern climate science now rests.”



World monthly temperature anomalies since 1975

   The graph above shows monthly temperature anomalies starting with Jan.1975 using data from NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/tabledata/GLB.Ts+dSST.txt

   The “Global Warming Deniers” claim that the world has been cooling this decade. The graph shows that “The Deniers” are willfully misrepresenting the actual observations. Misrepresentations and willfully false claims by the “Global Warming Deniers” are their standard mode of operation.

   The 12-month average is setting new records as of the first half of 2010.




The Historical Temperature Data vs. Carbon Dioxide & Methane

   1 min. 15 seconds into the pseudo-documentary the following statement is made: “We can’t say that CO2 will drive climate, it certainly never did in the past.”



   The scientific record shows that the above statement is completely false, and discredits the person making it (Ian Clark).  The record shows there is a strong correlation between past levels of carbon dioxide and methane vs. the earth’s temperature.



Temperature, Methane, and Carbon Dioxide for the last
650,000 years

   The original version of the above chart can be found at

http://www.realclimate.org/epica.jpg

. It is derived from multiple ice cores that record atmospheric conditions and climate for the last 650,000 years. (Wikipedia has a similar version plus additional charts at

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Co2-temperature-plot.svg

)



   The black center line in the chart measures deuterium (hydrogen isotope) ratios found in the old ice. (Deuterium ratios are a stand-in for the historical temperature.) The red line shows methane levels while the blue line shows carbon dioxide ratios.



   For comparative purposes, the current CO2 ratio in the earth's atmosphere is in excess of 380 parts per million and is climbing steeply. If this current ratio were plotted, it would be at the left end of the blue line, and far above anything seen in the previous 650,000 years. We are running an uncontrolled experiment with our atmosphere.





The 800-Year Time Lag

   About 23 minutes into the pseudo-documentary, an assertion is made that carbon dioxide is not responsible for global warming because ice records show there have been several instances where warming has begun some ~800 years before carbon dioxide levels begin to increase. The actual 800-year lead is true, but the conclusion presented in the pseudo-documentary is not true.



   As pointed out by Jeff Severinghaus (Professor of Geosciences, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego

http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2004/12/co2-in-ice-cores

), historical warm-up periods begin via some variable event that starts a warming cycle. For example, in the past, these initializing events were usually set off by Milankovitch variations in the earth’s orbit that changed the amount of sunshine reaching the ground in the northern hemisphere. This time, the initialization event has been a human induced spike in carbon dioxide concentrations. (Of note, the article at the above URL is dated as of Dec. 3, 2004 which is more than 2 years before Durkin’s pseudo-documentary was released.)



  In turn, the initial warming event triggers a chain reaction/feedback release of carbon dioxide (blue line in the above chart) and methane (red line in the above chart) from the earth’s oceans, which then drives the rest of the warm-up cycle. Please see Jeff Severinghaus’ article



“What does the lag of CO2 behind temperature in ice cores tell us about global warming?”


at the above web page for more information.



Alternately please see a longer article:


“The lag between temperature and CO2. (Gore’s got it right.)” by Eric Steig


http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2007/04/the-lag-between-temp-and-co2/



Milankovitch Cycles

   The ~100,000 year periodic cycles that can be seen in the above chart appear to be closely correlated with changes in the amount of summertime heat energy (insolation) at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. (This in turn drives ocean currents starting with the North Atlantic Ocean.)



  The most recent Milankovitch analysis indicates this forcing factor would have produced cooling for the last 6,000 years, but changes for the next few thousand years will be relatively minor. If Milankovich cycles were the sole contributor, we would be experiencing a relatively cool climate now instead of the observed rapid warming that has taken place over the last 100 years. For further information, please see:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milankovitch_cycles

; and in particular please see the red line in the chart at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:InsolationSummerSolstice65N.png

 


   Finally, it should be noted that changes in the earth’s orbit and rotational wobble have a time factor measured in thousands of years. The rapid warming that has been observed over the last 100 years is well below the threshold that could be produced by Milankovitch cycles.





Sunspots

   Another assertion in the pseudo-documentary is that sunspots are responsible for global warming. The pseudo-documentary can’t make up its mind whether to assert that it’s sunspots, or some indeterminate “Solar Activity” that is causing changes in temperature; but we will present the pseudo-documentary’s “Solar Activity” chart and compare it with the historical sunspot record.



The Swindle's mysterious "Solar Activity" chart

   The Print Screen image above shows the pseudo-documentary’s “Solar Activity” chart. The blue-green line shows the temperature for most of the last 400 years. Again, the film’s producer has omitted the steep warming seen in the last 20 years. If the chart had included this recent warming, the blue-green line would have run off the top of the chart. (See the first pair of pictures.)



   The red line is purported to depict “Solar Activity”. If whatever the pseudo-documentary chose to represent as “Solar Activity” had any correlation to observed temperatures, then the red line should have spiked just as the recent temperature has. Of course the red line is conveniently not plotted for the last few decades.



   The red line may have been based on original work by Nathan Rive and Eigil Friis-Christensen. They have issued a joint statement stating that the “red line” data was made up of fabricated data that was presented as genuine.


http://folk.uio.no/nathan/web/statement.html

Regarding: “The Great Global Warming Swindle”, broadcast in the UK on Channel 4 on March 8, 2007

We have concerns regarding the use of a graph featured in the documentary titled ‘Temp & Solar Activity 400 Years’. Firstly, we have reason to believe that parts of the graph were made up of fabricated data that were presented as genuine. The inclusion of the artificial data is both misleading and pointless…it incorrectly rules out a contribution by anthropogenic greenhouse gases to 20th century global warming.

   Ian Clark (The spokesman for the earlier discredited quote:  “We can’t say that CO2 will drive climate, it certainly never did in the past.”) supports this incorrect solar/sunspot conjecture.

http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/financialpost/story.html?id=79ef0ec2-4c4c-49e0-b39c-60b13b2ba764


The real "Solar Activity" as posted by NASA

   The chart above is an excerpt from NASA’s “Solar Cycle Update” at

http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2004/18oct_solarminimum.htm

.


It shows the actual number of observed sunspots over the last 400 years. (The number of sunspots has been counted for the last 400 years, and this record is our only direct measurement of “Solar Activity” for this time span.) The actual information as shown above doesn’t resemble the red line in the pseudo-documentary. The source data for the red line in the pseudo-documentary thus remains a mystery.



   If short term temperatures followed a sunspot cycle, we should see similar short term temperature oscillations that correspond to the ~11 year sunspot cycle. No short term correlation exists. The pseudo-documentary tries to correlate the minor 1940 top in temperatures with the number of sunspots. A quick look at the sunspot chart shows no 1940 correlation. Similarly, if sunspots were responsible for the large observed increase in world temperatures over the last few decades, then there should also be some unusual anomaly in the sunspot pattern over the same last few decades. No such anomaly exists.



A graph showing there is no correlation
between sunspots and temperatures.

The above chart is from Stanford University’s Solar Center.

http://solar-center.stanford.edu/sun-on-earth/glob-warm.html

The sharp warming in the earth’s temperature over the last several decades is following the increase in the atmospheric carbon dioxide content. The warming trend is not following sunspot activity.


“Global warming . . . is now well documented and accepted by scientists as fact.”




Solar Irradiance


Total solar radiation as measured by satellites.

   Solar Irradiance through October 2009, based on concatenation of multiple satellite records by Claus Frohlich and Judith Lean (see Frohlich, 2006). Averaged over day and night, Earth absorbs about 240 W/m

2

of energy from the sun, so the irradiance variation of about 0.1 percent causes a direct climate forcing of just over 0.2 W/m

2

.


Original graph from:

http://theenergycollective.com/TheEnergyCollective/55125

   Solar Irradiance (Unobstructed heat energy from the sun) has been measured by satellites for over 30 years. As seen in the above graph, there has been no significant increase in solar radiation that could account for the increase in the earth’s temperature over the last few decades. The cyclical pattern in the above graph closely approximates the sunspot cycle.



A recent study of solar radiation was released July 11, 2007


“Solar variations not behind global warming: study” http://www.reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUSL101501320070710
“Solar activity cleared of global warming blame”
http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/solar-activity-cleared-of-global-warming-blame/2007/07/11/1183833599508.html

   The original research report (published in the “Proceedings of the Royal Society” - highly technical) is at:


http://www.pubs.royalsoc.ac.uk/media/proceedings_a/rspa20071880.pdf
“Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature”

   This most recent research study indicates that solar irradiance has actually decreased slightly since the mid 1980s. (Which is what can be seen in the NASA solar irradiance measurements.)



Raw solar irradiance and temperature observations

Smoothed solar irradiance
and temperature observations

   These two chart pairs from pages 5 and 7 of the above report show that solar irradiance is not responsible for the sharp increase in observed world temperatures over the last few decades. (TSI = Total Solar Irradiance, ΔT = observed temperature anomaly) In the first pair of graphs, the ~11 year sunspot cycle overwhelms directly observable longer term changes in irradiance, while random temperature fluctuations add a lot of “jiggles” to the temperature graph.



   In the second pair of graphs, the sunspot cycle has been subtracted out and temperature data has been smoothed. In the smoothed temperature chart, GISS is Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA) data while HadCRUT3 is data from England’s Hadley Center for Research. The red line in the irradiance chart shows the resultant best fit while the other lines reflect various damping factors.



   As shown in the charts, not only have temperatures continued to rise since 1985, the rate of temperature increase is accelerating. Total solar irradiance (total solar radiated energy) has slightly decreased during this period. Thus solar irradiance is clearly not responsible for the recent increase in the earth’s temperature.



   The report also examines sunspot counts, length of the sunspot cycle, solar magnetic flux, and cosmic rays as part of the study. The report’s conclusion is:



  “Our results show that the observed rapid rise in global mean temperatures seen after 1985 cannot be ascribed to solar variability, whichever of the mechanisms is invoked and no matter how much the solar variation is amplified.”


Also, “Changes in Solar Brightness Too Weak to Explain Global Warming”


http://www.ucar.edu/news/releases/2006/brightness.shtml



The “Denial Industry” / “Denial Machine”

The "Denial
Machine"

   Yet the only real evidence that the “deniers” (and their well-funded “

Denial Industry

” / “

Denial Machine

” ) can demonstrate is that they are not mentally capable of understanding real evidence. Note: “The Denial Machine” video includes Fred Singer’s (see below) assertion that tobacco smoke is not a health hazard.



   Also, as part of their campaign, the deniers continue to churn out fabricated/manufactured “evidence” that has no factual basis. Please see Newsweek’s Aug. 13, 2007 cover story - “The Truth About Denial” - for additional information.


http://www.newsweek.com/id/32482

(The article is a lengthy documentation of the what/why/when of the “Denial Machine”, who is financing it, and how it is flooding the world with disinformation to obfuscate the real evidence of global warming (climate change).)



(If you don’t understand the above cartoon, you need to see the “

Creationism = Willful Ignorance

” page.)




   A quote from

http://currentera.com/SwindlersList.html

“Ok, so now we know that Durkin admittedly has no problem with fudging charts and graphs to meet his own ends”


There is much more at this web site.




   The low activity in sunspots from 1650 to 1700 is of interest. This dip in sunspot activity is called the Maunder Minimum in honor of astronomer E. W. Maunder. There appears to be some correlation with historical temperatures as this period coincided with the “Little Ice Age”. However, if this correlation were stronger, then temperatures should have maxed out with the late 1950’s peak in sunspots. This is not what we observe in the temperature records. Thus sunspots are not the cause of the sharp global warming we have seen in the last few decades.



Chart shows a composite of 10 different temperature
reconstructions

    The chart above from

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:1000_Year_Temperature_Comparison.png

shows a composite of 10 different temperature reconstructions over the last 1000 years. The Maunder Minimum does coincide with the lowest temperature readings, but it is a loose fit at best, and may be coincidental. Of note, the Medieval Warm Period was not as warm as current temperatures. (This refutes the graphic shown in the pseudo-documentary which claims the Medieval Warm Period was warmer than present temperatures.)



   The medium blue line that starts at the left edge in the above chart is Michael Mann’s original “Hockey Stick”. Michael Mann’s temperature reconstruction has been confirmed by other temperature reconstructions which indicates that he has had it right all along.




The Swindle's version of temperature records over the last
1,000 years
 

   Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the modern thermometer in the early 1700’s. Thus early temperatures have to be reconstructed by indirect methods as shown in the preceding “Reconstructed Temperature” picture. The graph shown in the pseudo-documentary is not based on accurate data.






Cosmic Rays

   At about 33 minutes into the pseudo-documentary, there is an assertion that cosmic rays generate clouds that in turn cause changes in the earth’s temperature. This assertion is refuted by the following article published by the American Geophysical Union.


http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/prrl/prrl0405.html

  (Summary only)


http://www.pik-potsdam.de/~stefan/Publications/Journals/rahmstorf_etal_eos_2004.pdf

  (Full text)




“Cosmic Rays Are Not the Cause of Climate Change, Scientists Say”

   Eleven Earth and space scientists say that a recent paper attributing most climate change on Earth to cosmic rays is incorrect and based on questionable methodology. Writing in the January 27 issue of Eos, published by the American Geophysical Union, Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and colleagues in Canada, France, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States challenge the cosmic ray hypothesis.

   The authors of the above research conclude that the cosmic ray hypothesis is “incorrect and based on questionable methodology” and is “scientifically ill-founded”.



The assertion in the pseudo-documentary may well be based on this discredited cosmic ray hypothesis.



   If you want to look at cosmic ray measurements for the last 50 years, you can see the actual data at

ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/COSMIC_RAYS/climax.tab

. The solar wind is stronger during periods of high sunspot activity which in turn reduces the number of cosmic rays that can reach the earth. Thus there is an 11-year inverse correlation with the sunspot cycle.



Actual cosmic ray count rate as measured at Climax,
Colorado

   The chart above illustrates the average hourly cosmic ray count rate (1,000’s per hour) for each year beginning in 1953 as measured at the high altitude observatory in Climax, Colorado. (Data is from the above web link. 2006 data is a preliminary average for the first 11 months.) The pseudo-documentary’s cosmic ray conjecture states that high cosmic ray intensities produce more clouds which would produce cooler earth temperatures. If this conjecture were true, then we should see a corresponding 11-year cycle in the earth’s temperature. If we compare this chart with the actual temperature record (the NASA/GISS temperature record shown earlier), there is no apparent correlation.





Volcanoes

   At about 25 minutes 18 seconds into the pseudo-documentary, the video/film shows an animated cartoon of a volcano and asserts that volcanoes emit more carbon dioxide than human induced emissions. The exact quote from the pseudo-documentary is:



“Volcanoes produce more CO2 each year than all the factories and cars and planes and other sources of man-made carbon dioxide put together.”

Animated cartoon volcano in the pseudo-documentary

Once again the pseudo-documentary willfully falsifies the facts. The following quote is from the U. S. Geological Survey.

http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Hazards/What/VolGas/volgas.html

Comparison of CO2 emissions from volcanoes vs. human activities.

“Scientists have calculated that volcanoes emit between about 130-230 million tonnes (145-255 million tons) of CO2 into the atmosphere every year (Gerlach, 1999, 1991). This estimate includes both subaerial and submarine volcanoes, about in equal amounts. Emissions of CO2 by human activities, including fossil fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring, amount to about 27 billion tonnes per year (30 billion tons) [ ( Marland, et al., 2006) - The reference gives the amount of released carbon (C), rather than CO2, through 2003.]. Human activities release more than 130 times the amount of CO2 emitted by volcanoes--the equivalent of more than 8,000 additional volcanoes like Kilauea (Kilauea emits about 3.3 million tonnes/year)! (Gerlach et. al., 2002)




Misrepresentation of statements by scientific experts

   The pseudo-documentary “The Great Global Warming Swindle” also abusively uses “cut and paste”, out-of-context statements by at least one legitimate scientist. The result willfully misconstrues the original meaning to instead promote the producer’s agenda. The following are statements by Carl Wunsch, professor of physical oceanography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and are posted at:

http://www.celsias.com/blog/2007/03/11/the-great-global-warming-swindle/


Climate scientist ‘duped to deny global warming’

   A Leading US climate scientist is considering legal action after he says he was duped into appearing in a Channel 4 documentary that claimed man-made global warming is a myth. Carl Wunsch, professor of physical oceanography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said the film, The Great Global Warming Swindle, was ‘grossly distorted’ and ‘as close to pure propaganda as anything since World War Two’.

   He says his comments in the film were taken out of context and that he would not have agreed to take part if he had known it would argue that man-made global warming was not a serious threat. ‘I thought they were trying to educate the public about the complexities of climate change,’ he said. ‘This seems like a deliberate attempt to exploit someone who is on the other side of the issue.’ He is considering a complaint to Ofcom, the broadcast regulator. - Guardian

   Professor Wunsch said: “I am angry because they completely misrepresented me. My views were distorted by the context in which they placed them. I was misled as to what it was going to be about. I was told about six months ago that this was to be a programme about how complicated it is to understand what is going on. If they had told me even the title of the programme, I would have absolutely refused to be on it. I am the one who has been swindled.” - Independent

The above web site has multiple other links that refute the assertions made in the pseudo-documentary.



A complete listing of MIT’s Professor Carl Wunsch's comments on the pseudo-documentary can be found at:


http://ocean.mit.edu/~cwunsch/CHANNEL4.html



The Other “Experts” in the Program

   The pseudo-documentary implies that the other people who appeared are knowledgeable experts in their fields. In practice, their best expertise seems to be wrangling payments from large energy companies - especially anti-environmental organizations.  The following list of brief biographies is a long quote from:


http://climatedenial.org

   (Original posting will scroll downward)


http://climatedenial.org/2007/03/09/the-great-channel-four-swindle/

Fred Singer. Despite the caption on the programme, Singer has retired from the University of Virginia and has not had a single article accepted for any peer-reviewed scientific journal for 20 years. His main work has been as a hired gun for business interests to undermine scientific research on environmental and health matters. Before turning to climate change denial he has argued that CFCs do not cause ozone depletion and second hand smoke does not cause cancer (more… ). In 1990 he founded “The Science and Environment Policy Project”, which aggressively contradicts climate science and has received direct funding from Exxon, Shell, Unocal and ARCO. Exxon is also among the funders ($20,000 in 1998 and 2000)

Patrick Michaels is the most prominent US climate change denier. In the programme he claimed “I’ve never been paid a nickel by the old and gas companies” which is a curious claim. According to the US journalist Ross Gebspan Michaels has received direct funding from, among others German Coal Mining Association ($49,000), Edison Electric Institute ($15,000), and the Western Fuels Association ($63,000) an association of US coal producing interests (more…). The WFA is one of the most powerful forces in the US actively denying the basic science of climate change, funding, amongs other things, the Greening Earth Society which is directed by Patrick Michaels. Tom Wigley, one of the leading IPCC scientists, describes Michaels work as “a catalog of misrepresentation and misinterpretation”. (More on Michaels…)

Philip Stott was captioned as a Professor at the University of London although he is retired and is therefore free of any academic accountability. Stott is a geographer by training and has no qualifications in climate science. Since retiring Stott has aimed to become Britain’s leading anti-green pundit dedicating himself to wittily criticizing rainforest campaigns (with Patrick Moore), advocating genetic engineering and claiming that “global warming is the new fundamentalist religion.”

Patrick Moore is Stott’s Canadian equivalent. Since a very personal and painful falling out with Greenpeace in 1986 Moore has put his considerable campaigning energies into undermining environmentalists, especially his former friends and colleagues. Typical of his rhetoric was his claim in the programme that environmentalists were “anti-human” and “treat humans as scum”. Throughout the 1990s Moore worked as lead consultant for the British Columbian Timber Products Association undermining Greenpeace’s international campaign to protect old growth forest there. Whenever he has the chance he also makes strong public statements in favour of genetic engineering, nuclear power, logging the Amazon, and industrial fishing- all, strangely, lead campaigns for Greenpeace (more on Moore..)

Piers Corbyn has no academic status and his role in such programmes is to promote his own weather prediction business. He has steadfastly refused to ever subject his climatological theories to any form of external review or scrutiny.

Richard Lindzen. As a Professor of Meteorology at the credible Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lindzen is by far the most reputable academic among the US climate deniers and, for this reason, he is heavily cited by sympathetic journalists such as Melanie Phillips and Michael Crichton. His arguments though are identical to the other deniers – for example an article in the Wall Street Journal (June 11 2001) he claims that “there is no consensus, unanimous or otherwise, about long-term climate trends or what causes them”.
He is strongly associated with the other people on the programme though co-authored reports, articles, conference appearances and co-signed statements.

Tim Ball was captioned as the University of Winnipeg. In fact he left in 1996 since when he has run political campaigns through two organisations he helped found: the Natural Resources Stewardship Project and the Friends of Science which, according to their websites aim to run “a proactive grassroots campaign to counter the Kyoto Protocol”; and “encourage and assist the Canadian Federal Government to re-evaluate the Kyoto Protocol”. Ian Clark is also on the board of the NRSP.

Another "Swindle" lie. There never was a U. of
Winnipeg department of Climatology.

   As to the claim that Tim Ball is/was a professor in the Climatology Department at the University of Winnipeg, “the University of Winnipeg has never had a Department of Climatology”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Global_Warming_Swindle

.



As quoted by the Defendants (the Defendants eventually prevailed) against Tim Ball (the Plaintiff) in a lawsuit:



“The Defendants state that the Plaintiff never held a reputation in the scientific community as a noted climatologist and authority on global warming.”

“The Plaintiff is viewed as a paid promoter of the agenda of the oil and gas industry rather than as a practicing scientist.”

http://www.desmogblog.com/sites/beta.desmogblog.com/files/Calgary%20Herald%20Statement%20of%20Defence.pdf

(Page 12, Section 50)



   Tim Ball is also one of the perpetrators of the “Global Cooling” myth with statements such as: “Yes, it warmed from 1680 up to 1940, but since 1940 it’s been cooling down.”

http://www.fcpp.org/main/publication_detail.php?PubID=864

Please refer to the “Global Temperature” chart near the top of this page to see what has really happened. Is Tim Ball willfully lying or is Tim Ball completely out of touch with reality? (Could both be true?)



   Another “Tim Ballism”: “But also, the majority of the scientists who are on the Kyoto and global warming bandwagon know nothing about the science.”

http://www.fcpp.org/main/publication_detail.php?PubID=864

Please refer to the “Recommended links for further research” section below for links/references about scientists who are on the “global warming bandwagon”.



   And yet another Tim Ball delusion: “Pre-industrial CO2 levels were about the same as today.”

http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/6855

Please note that current CO2 levels are above 385 parts per million - and then see where this would be plotted on the graph shown earlier in the “The Historical Temperature Data vs. Carbon Dioxide & Methane” section. (Hint: Nothing even close for over 650,000 years.)






Fred Singer was never a Former Director, US National
Weather Service

   Similarly, the pseudo-documentary has a caption saying Fred Singer was the “Former Director, US National Weather Service”. In fact, Fred Singer was never a “Former Director, US National Weather Service”. These claims are not true, and are willful misrepresentations of the credentials of the participants in the movie. These are typical of the fraudulent claims that are present in the pseudo-documentary.



   For example, at about 16 min. 24 sec. into the pseudo-documentary, Tim Ball asserts that the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere is 0.054%. You would think that a real “professor of climatology” would know that the CO2 content of the atmosphere has only climbed above 0.038% in the last few years (

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/

), and was consistently below 0.030% for at least 650,000 years before 1900.




Additional information at

http://scienceblogs.com/stoat/2007/06/piers_corbyn.php

describes Piers Corbyn thusly:



“Piers Corbyn does not appear to have any academic standing, background, or contacts; he refuses to divulge his prediction techniques or methods to anyone for examination; and his actual prediction record is, shall we say, not exactly justified by the evidence, and I can say this from watching him.”

“Overall, I would place him in the category of "successful huckster" with the integrity of a sincere astrologer.”

Note: A Google search using < “Piers Corbyn” charlatan > returns a significant number of hits.




   The following information on Richard S. Lindzen was not included above but can be found at:

http://www.alternet.org/envirohealth/50494/

and  

http://dieoff.org/page82.htm#1

“Lindzen, for his part, charges oil and coal interests $2,500 a day for his consulting services; his 1991 trip to testify before a Senate committee was paid for by Western Fuels, and a speech he wrote, entitled "Global Warming: the Origin and Nature of Alleged Scientific Consensus," was underwritten by OPEC.”…“In 1991, Western Fuels spent an estimated $250,000 to produce and distribute a video entitled "The Greening of Planet Earth," which was shown frequently inside the Bush White House as well as within the governments of OPEC.”

And as quoted at:

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/hotpolitics/reports/skeptics.html

Dr. Lindzen is a member of the Advisory Council of the Annapolis Center for Science Based Public Policy, which has received large amounts of funding from ExxonMobil and smaller amounts from Daimler Chrysler, according to a review Exxon's own financial documents and 990s from Daimler Chrysler's Foundation. Lindzen is a also been a contributor to the Cato Institute [see “Organized Crime” below], which has taken $90,000 from Exxon since 1998, according to the website Exxonsecrets.org and a review Exxon financial documents. He is also a contributor for the George C. Marshall Institute.




“Organized Crime” and the Pseudo-documentary’s “Expert”, S. Fred Singer

Picture is part of a
diagram that links "alleged" "organized crime" with
the anti-environmental Cato Institute.

   It appears that the pseudo-documentary’s “expert”, “Professor” Fred Singer, has been a co-organizer (with “Organized Crime”) of pseudo-scientific organizations whose members consist of “other scientists” who were willing participants in a “Propaganda for pay” program. The purpose of these pseudo-scientific organizations was to provide “anti-environmental”/“anti-consumerism” reports. These pseudo-scientific organizations are actually fronts for large energy and tobacco companies that wanted reports by “name scientists” that would hide (via “disinformation”) the fact that carbon dioxide emissions are causing “global warming” (climate change). (Participation by tobacco companies was to hide the harmful effects of cigarette smoking.)



   Currently, a Google search using   <   “Fred Singer” “organized crime”   >   returns over 1,000 hits. You will find multiple connections to other people in the above list including Patrick Michaels’ links with the Cato Institute (e. g.

http://www.cato.org/people/michaels.html

). In turn, the Cato Institute is part of David Koch’s “alleged” “organized crime” network. (Picture at right is from

http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/Koctopus_01.html

, and it has a great deal more information.)



A couple of good starter links for further research would include:


http://h2-pv.us/adti/AdTI_Contents/AdTI_Contents.html
http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/Singer-Nightline.html

For other links, “Google is your friend”.  For example:  <  “Koch Industries” “global warming” >





Complicity between Patrick Michaels, Koch, etc. and the IREA
(Intermountain Rural Electric Association)

The following quotes are from page 2 of a July 17, 2006 IREA newsletter.


Signed by Stanley R. Lewandowski, Jr. (General Manager)


http://www.realclimate.org/irea_letterJul06.pdf

“In February of this year, IREA alone contributed $100,000 to Dr. Michaels. In addition, we have contacted all of the G & T’s in the United States and as of the writing of this letter, we have obtained additional contributions and pledges for Dr. Michaels group.”

“Koch Industries is working with other large corporations, including AEP and the Southern Company, on possibly financing a film that would counteract An Inconvenient Truth. Koch has also decided to finance a coalition that very likely will be administered through the National Association of Manufacturers.”

There is no confirmation regarding a connection between the above “financing a film” and Durkin’s TGGWS, but - if you could follow the money…?





More on Fred Singer from the New York Times

   The following quotes were originally in the New York Times on April 26, 1998 and are archived at

http://www.stopesso.com/coverage/00000077.php

It seems that not only is Fred Singer a member of the “Denial Industry”, he helped to organize it. (Note: The reference to “argue against the Administration” was in Clinton’s administration. The Bush administration has tried to reinforce this anti-climate agenda.)



The header for the original
article as it appeared in the New York Times.
INDUSTRIAL GROUP PLANS TO BATTLE CLIMATE TREATY
By JOHN H. CUSHMAN Jr. (New York Times) 1140 words
April 26, 1998, Sunday


WASHINGTON, April 25 -- Industry opponents of a treaty to fight global warming have drafted an ambitious proposal to spend millions of dollars to convince the public that the environmental accord is based on shaky science. Among their ideas is a campaign to recruit a cadre of scientists who share the industry's views of climate science and to train them in public relations so they can help convince journalists, politicians and the public that the risk of global warming is too uncertain to justify controls on greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide that trap the sun's heat near Earth.

The draft plan calls for recruiting scientists to argue against the Administration, and suggests that they include ''individuals who do not have a long history of visibility and/or participation in the climate change debate.'' But among the plan's advocates are groups already linked to the best-known critics of global-warming science. They include the Science and Environment Policy Project, founded by Fred Singer, a physicist noted for opposing the mainstream view of climate science.

   This “Industrial Group” financing campaign to manufacture doubt about Global Warming has been continuing ever since. The front groups that receive the corporate money are presented as “think tanks” and “research organizations”, but what is in back of them is strictly paid propaganda financed by large corporations. Jeff Masters has an in depth analysis that provides additional details. Please see “The Manufactured Doubt industry and the hacked email controversy” at

http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=1389




Does Global Warming Exist?

   As to whether “global warming” exists, we only have to look at the earth’s canary birds - the glaciers. For example, see

http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF17/1731.html

.



A 1941 view of
the Muir Glacier in Glacier Bay National Park.A 2004 view of the former
location of Muir Glacier.

   The (historic) Muir Glacier is an extreme example, but there are many other examples. (If you have Google Earth on your computer, go to 59.012N, 136.163W and look slightly west of due north to generate a view similar to the views above.)



   USGS scientist Bruce Molnia: “more than 99 percent of America’s thousands of large glaciers have long documented records of an overall shrinkage as climate warms”

http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=2277


Portage Glacier, Alaska - one
of the standard tourist stops on Alaskan tours.

The above is a Print Screen image from:

http://www.worldviewofglobalwarming.org/pages/glaciers.html

Portage Glacier, Alaska


Portage Glacier is one of the standard tourist stops on Alaskan tours. It’s about 49 miles southeast of Anchorage. You can optionally take a boat trip up to the base of the glacier.






Canada's most often visited glacier - the Athabasca Glacier.

   The twin photos above are from:


 

http://www.engr.colostate.edu/~pierre/ce_old/Projects/linkfiles/KICT%20August%2009%20hand3.pdf

   They show what the Athabasca Glacier looked like back in 1917 vs. what was left of it in 2005. The glacier on the right side of the photos is the Dome Glacier. Both glaciers have shrunk noticeably in the time interval.



   The Athabasca Glacier is the most visited glacier in North America. It is just off the Icefields Parkway in Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icefields_Parkway

    In the past 125 years, the Athabasca Glacier has lost half of its volume and receded more than 1.5 kilometers (0.93 miles). The recession rate has accelerated since 1980.




The Furgg
Glacier and the Matterhorn

The picture pairs above and below are courtesy of

http://www.gletscherarchiv.de/en/fotovergleiche/gletscher_liste

Do you recognize the impressive mountain in the background? Hint: It’s near Zermatt. Switzerland.



   The left picture is a copy of an old post card. The Furgg Glacier can be seen snaking around the front of the tall pyramidal mountain. Also, part of the glacier covers the lower slopes of the tall mountain.



   By 2003 there isn’t much left of the glacier. The very dark area below and slightly to the right of the mountain is the shadow from a 500-foot high cliff below a ridge. One hundred years ago, the glacier was thick enough to completely cover the ridge. If you have Google Earth on your computer, you can see trimlines and moraines that mark the former extent of the glacier. To find the area formerly covered by the Furgg Glacier, just look about 4 miles southwest of Zermatt Switzerland - or alternately, about 2 miles ENE of (and a “tad” down from) the summit of the Matterhorn.





The Great Aletsch Glacier is
the longest glacier in the Alps.

   The twin pictures above show two views of the Great Aletsch Glacier in the Swiss Alps. The Aletsch is the longest glacier in the Alps and may have the dubious distinction of being one of the last to disappear completely. There are multiple other “then and now” pictures of glaciers that can be seen at:

http://www.gletscherarchiv.de/en/fotovergleiche/gletscher_liste


The Pasterze Glacier is the longest glacier in Austria.

The above picture is a Print Screen Image from

http://www.aip.org/history/climate/xglaciers.htm

   The Pasterze Glacier is the longest glacier in Austria. The two pictures above show what it looked like in 1875 vs. the same view in 2004. In 1875 the glacier was over one-half mile wide and over 500 feet thick. (Measured via Google Earth) Guess what Global Warming/Climate Change has done to this glacier?





Not only are
glaciers melting world-wide, the melting rate is accelerating.

Not only are glaciers melting world-wide, the melting rate is accelerating.



World Glacier Monitoring Service: “The average mass balance of the glaciers with available long-term observation series around the world continues to decrease, with tentative figures indicating a further thickness reduction of 0.5 metres water equivalent (m w.e.) during the hydrological year 2007/08.”


http://www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms/mbb/sum08.html
http://www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms/mbb/mbb11/preliminaryMB_2008_fig2.pdf

   Wikipedia has an extensive article documenting glacial retreat around the world including several “then and now” photographs. As documented in the article, glacial retreat has accelerated since 1990.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retreat_of_glaciers_since_1850

   A Google image search using << glacier “global warming” >> returns hundreds of thousands of photographs/images showing glacial shrinkage due to Global Warming.


http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4GGLD_enUS314US314&sa=1&q=glacier+%22global+warming%22&btnG=Search&aq=f&oq=&aqi=&start=0




Can “Insignificant” Humans Alter the Earth’s Vast Atmosphere?

   Let’s do a little simple math. The surface area of the Earth is 197,000,000 square miles.

http://www.britannica.com/ebi/article-199816

The World’s population is 6,602,224,175 (July 2007 est.)

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html

This yields 33.51+ people per square mile. (Includes oceans) Our surface area allotment per person is a square a little over 912 feet by 912 feet, and our per capita atmospheric allotment is the air above this square.



   If you left your car running in a 25 ft. x 25 ft. closed garage, it would take only a few minutes to get into trouble. It takes longer if your garage is 912 ft. x 912 ft. x 5 miles high, but again, the results are cumulative. (If you represent the earth’s atmosphere by a column of air with uniform density at standard temperature and pressure, the column would be slightly under 5 miles high. In reality, the atmosphere’s average temperature is slightly less than “standard temperature” which would produce a slight further reduction in this height.)






Why the Pseudo-Documentary was produced

    There are many people in the world whose attitude is: “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my mind.” Typically, these people hold emotion-based opinions, and don’t want to learn that their opinions are no better than “urban legends”.



   Supermarket tabloids appeal to people that fall into the above category. These same people also blindly believe pseudo-documentaries such as “The Great Global Warming Swindle”. These people who have a “need to believe” aren’t interested in the facts. But they are quite willing to believe a fraudulent pseudo-documentary that supports “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my mind.” The “Martin Durkin”s of the world get paid to generate pseudo-documentaries to service this market.



   The Producer of the Pseudo-Documentary (Martin Durkin) has a past record of turning out other “allegedly” biased pseudo-documentaries that appeal to the “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my mind.” audience. The following is a quote from Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Durkin_(television_director)


Martin Durkin is a television producer and director, most notably of television documentaries for Channel 4 in Britain. He has caused consistent controversy over the alleged bias found in many of his documentaries. He is understood to have once been closely involved with the Revolutionary Communist Party and its later offshoots Living Marxism and Spiked, a magazine and associated political network which promotes libertarian views, and is highly critical of environmentalism.



Evidence that Martin Durkin has a past record of “sleazebag” productions

   It appears that this is not the only time that Martin Durkin has used “cut-and-paste”, “out of context” clips from legitimate scientists to misrepresent the original meaning. He has used this same tactic in some of his previous pseudo-documentaries. The following quote is from:

http://www.gmwatch.org/profile1.asp?PrId=39

(and there is a lot more at this web page)



Two scientists critical of genetic engineering who were invited to contribute to the programme, Dr Arpad Pusztai and Dr Mae-Wan Ho, both subsequently complained that they were misled about the content and were not given a chance to reply to attacks on their positions (Pusztai's comments). Dr Ho said , 'I feel completely betrayed and misled. They did not tell me it was going to be an attack on my position.'



Past complicity by “Channel 4” (Channel Four)

   It appears that “Channel 4” is a co-conspirator with Martin Durkin regarding other previous pseudo-documentaries. The following is a quote from:

http://www.gmwatch.org/profile1.asp?PrId=39

Channel Four had to broadcast a prime-time apology after Against Nature drew the wrath of the Independent Television Commission which ruled, 'Comparison of the unedited and edited transcripts confirmed that the editing of the interviews with [the environmentalists who contributed] had indeed distorted or misrepresented their known views. It was also found that the production company had misled them... as to the format, subject matter and purpose of these programs.'  (See CHANNEL 4 SAVAGED BY TELEVISION WATCHDOG )




“Durkin had intentionally sought out questionable sources and data”

   The above quote is an excerpt from a long post at


http://reasic.wordpress.com/2007/03/14/channel-4-distances-itself-from-documentary/

that in turn quotes from the UK newpaper

The Independent

. The entire post illustrates the distortions that Mr. Durkin used to try to promote his own agenda. Single indentions sections are quotes from the Reasic article while double indentions are quotes from

The Independent

. The URL for the original article in

The Independent

is:

http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/climate_change/article2355956.ece

Channel 4 Distances Itself From Documentary  March 14th, 2007
UK newpaper The Independent has conducted an investigation into the claims made and data used in Martin Durkin’s latest documentary. As they reported today, they’ve found that the charts and data used in the film were not entirely accurate:

The Great Global Warming Swindle, was based on graphs that were distorted, mislabelled or just plain wrong. The graphs were nevertheless used to attack the credibility and honesty of climate scientists.

A graph central to the programme’s thesis, purporting to show variations in global temperatures over the past century, claimed to show that global warming was not linked with industrial emissions of carbon dioxide. Yet the graph was not what it seemed.

Other graphs used out-of-date information or data that was shown some years ago to be wrong. Yet the programme makers claimed the graphs demonstrated that orthodox climate science was a conspiratorial “lie” foisted on the public.

After a little poking around, the reporter found that Durkin had intentionally sought out questionable sources and data, then misrepresented them as being from NASA:

The programme-makers labelled the source of the world temperature data as “Nasa” but when we inquired about where we could find this information, we received an email through Wag TV’s PR consultant saying that the graph was drawn from a 1998 diagram published in an obscure journal called Medical Sentinel. The authors of the paper are well-known climate sceptics who were funded by the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine and the George C Marshall Institute, a right-wing Washington think-tank.

However, there are no diagrams in the paper that accurately compare with the C4 graph. The nearest comparison is a diagram of “terrestrial northern hemisphere” temperatures - which refers only to data gathered by weather stations in the top one third of the globe.

However, further inquiries revealed that the C4 graph was based on a diagram in another paper produced as part of a “petition project” by the same group of climate sceptics. This diagram was itself based on long out-of-date information on terrestrial temperatures compiled by Nasa scientists.

However, crucially, the axis along the bottom of the graph has been distorted in the C4 version of the graph, which made it look like the information was up-to-date when in fact the data ended in the early 1980s.

Mr Durkin admitted that his graphics team had extended the time axis along the bottom of the graph to the year 2000. “There was a fluff there,” he said.

When questioned about these discrepancies, Channel 4 distanced itself from the project:

Channel 4 yesterday distanced itself from the programme, referring this newspaper’s inquiries to a public relations consultant working on behalf of Wag TV, the production company behind the documentary.

Many have already pointed out the distortions in the film. It’s nice to see that this is reaching mainstream sources.



Martin Durkin’s “Scientific Reply” to Dr. Armand Leroi

   When Dr Armand Leroi from Imperial College London wrote to Martin Durkin to complain about the distorted science presented in the program, this was Martin Durkin’s “scientific” reply:



  -----Original Message----- From: Martin Durkin
      [mailto:mdurkin@wagtv.com] Sent: 09 March 2007 09:53 To: Armand
       Leroi; lbolch@channel4.co.uk Cc: simonsingh@msn.com;
      ben@badscience.net Subject: RE: The Global Warming Swindle
    
    
       You're a big daft cock

Isn’t nice to know that “Channel 4”’s journalism standards include and defend:



“You’re a big daft cock”
 



And from The Times On Line

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article1517515.ece

Martin Durkin, the executive producer of The Great Global Warming Swindle, responded to the concerns of Dr Armand Leroi, from Imperial College, and Simon Singh, the respected scientific author, by telling them to “go and f*** yourself”. (Use a Google search for multiple links that omit the “***”)

Mr Durkin replied nine minutes later: “The BBC is now a force for bigotry and intolerance . . .

“Why have we not heard this in the hours and hours of shit programming on global warming shoved down our throats by the BBC?”

“Never mind an irresponsible bit of film-making. Go and f*** yourself.”




Recommended links for further research


The following organizations provide evidence that:


1) Global Warming / Climate Change is real.


2) Human activities are by far the largest causative agent.


3) Global Warming / Climate Change is a continuing, ongoing phenomenon.



NASA


http://climate.nasa.gov/warmingworld/
http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/global_warming_worldbook.html
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarmingQandA/
http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs/Fig.A2.lrg.gif

  (The graph)



National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


National Climatic Data Center


http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/globalwarming.html

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)


http://www.wmo.ch/pages/about/wmo50/e/world/climate_pages/global_warming_e.html

American Meteorological Society


http://www.ametsoc.org/policy/2007climatechange.html

National Center for Atmospheric Research


“How do we know Earth is warming now?”


http://www.ncar.ucar.edu/research/climate/now.php

Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division


“Climate Forcing”


http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/about/climate.html

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research


http://www.ucar.edu/research/climate/warming.jsp

Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology


“Global Climate Change” “How do we know?”


http://climate.jpl.nasa.gov/evidence/

American Geophysical Union (world's largest scientific society of Earth and space scientists)


“Human Impacts on Climate”


http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/climate_change_position.html

American Association for the Advancement of Science


“The scientific evidence is clear: global climate change caused by human activities is occurring now”


http://www.aaas.org/news/press_room/climate_change/mtg_200702/aaas_climate_statement.pdf
http://www.aaas.org/news/press_room/climate_change/

National Science Foundation


“Global Warming Greatest in Past Decade”


http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=112206

U. S. Geological  Survey


“Glacier and Landscape Change in Response to Changing Climate”


http://www.usgs.gov/global_change/glaciers/default.asp

Time lapse video: “Glacier Erasure: South Cascade Glacier in a Changing Climate”


http://wa.water.usgs.gov/projects/glacier/video.html

Geological Society of America


“The Geological Society of America (GSA) concurs . . . that global climate has warmed and that human activities (mainly greenhouse gas emissions) account for most of the warming since the middle 1900s.”


http://www.geosociety.org/positions/position10.htm


National Snow and Ice Data Center - Global Glacier Recession


“We live in a time of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations with an attendant warming of the climate.”


http://nsidc.org/glims/glaciermelt/

United Nations Environment Programme/World Glacier Monitoring Service


“Global Glacier Changes: facts and figures”


“There is mounting evidence that climate change is triggering a shrinking and thinning of many glaciers world-wide”


http://www.grid.unep.ch/glaciers/

  (Introduction and links to a 26 MB WGMS report)



The United States Energy Information Administration


“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”


http://www.eia.doe.gov/bookshelf/brochures/greenhouse/Chapter1.htm

Massachusetts Institute of Technology


“Report: Human activity fuels global warming”


http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2007/climate.html

California Institute of Technology


“How We Know Global Warming is Real”


“The science behind human-induced climate change”


http://www.gps.caltech.edu/~tapio/papers/skeptic_2008.pdf

Stanford University


“Global warming . . . is now well documented and accepted by scientists as fact.”


http://solar-center.stanford.edu/sun-on-earth/glob-warm.html

Atmospheric Sciences - University of Illinois - Champaign


“Evidence continues to mount that human activities are altering the Earth’s climate on a global scale.”


http://www.atmos.uiuc.edu/research/01climate.html

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


“Global Warming”


http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=12457

Scripps Institution of Oceanography (University of California - San Diego)


http://scripps.ucsd.edu/img/climate_flyer.pdf

The UK’s Met Office Hadley Centre


“Climate change - the big picture”


http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/pressoffice/myths/index.html
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climatechange/guide/

The UK’s Royal Society


“Climate change controversies: a simple guide”


http://royalsociety.org/page.asp?id=6229

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Based in Switzerland)


“Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report”


http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf

Japan Meteorological Agency


“Global Warming Projection Vol.7”


http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/products/gwp/gwp7/index-e.html

The Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society


“Our climate has changed substantially.” “Global climate change and global warming are real and observable.”


http://www.amos.org.au/publications/cid/3/t/publications

Royal Society of New Zealand


“The globe is warming because of increasing greenhouse gas emissions.”


http://www.royalsociety.org.nz/Site/news/media_releases/2008/clim0708.aspx

National Geographic Magazine


http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/

Scientific American Magazine


http://www.sciam.com/topic.cfm?id=global-warming-and-climate-change

Wikipedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_effect
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas






The Real Data as Researched by Legitimate Scientists


Charts from the IPCC
report tell the real reason for "Global Warming"

INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE


Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis


http://www.ipcc.ch/SPM2feb07.pdf

   The charts to the right show the real forcing effect resulting from Carbon Dioxide and Methane as shown in the above IPCC report. The unit of measure is Watts per Sq. Meter. One watt is about the strength of a small Christmas tree light. It takes decades for ocean water several miles deep to warm up at this rate, but the rate is cumulative, and this same lag means that forcing over the last few decades will be contributing to future warming for decades into the future.



“Global atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide have increased markedly as a result of human activities since 1750 and now far exceed pre-industrial values determined from ice cores spanning many thousands of years (see Figure SPM-1). The global increases in carbon dioxide concentration are due primarily to fossil fuel use and land-use change, while those of methane and nitrous oxide are primarily due to agriculture.

The primary source of the increased atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide since the pre-industrial period results from fossil fuel use, with land use change providing another significant but smaller contribution.

Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level.”

IPCC chart shows the
magnitude of forcing components



   The chart to the right (from the same report) shows the relative magnitude of the components involved in global warming. Carbon dioxide is of course dominant. Sulfur dioxide and condensation nuclei (haze, smoke, etc.) cause increased cloudiness that partially offsets forcing due to greenhouse gases. There has been a minor contribution from increased solar radiation, but this is less than 10% of the man-made components.









For further research about the real data, please see:



NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division


http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/

  (Includes up to date Mauna Loa CO2 readings)



NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies - Forcings in GISS Model


http://data.giss.nasa.gov/modelforce/

Illustrates “Changes in climate "forcings" or factors that have contributed to climate change since 1750.”



National Climate Data Center at NOAA.


http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/globalwarming/index.html

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UCAR/NCAR


http://www.ucar.edu/research/climate/warming.jsp




“Legitimate Scientists are the Bad Guys” - Martin Durkin

And what does Martin Durkin have to say about real scientists?


The following quote is from “Life Style Extra, UK News, 'Global Warming Is Lies' Claims Documentary”


http://www.lse.co.uk/ShowStory.asp?story=CZ434669U&news_headline=global_warming_is_lies_claims_documentary

Controversial director Martin Durkin said: "You can see the problems with the science of global warming, but people just don't believe you - it's taken 10 years to get this commissioned.

"I think it will go down in history as the first chapter in a new era of the relationship between scientists and society. Legitimate scientists - people with qualifications - are the bad guys.

   Is Martin Durkin trying to get us to believe that only movie directors understand science, and legitimate scientists don’t? Is Martin Durkin actually telling us that the real reason he made the movie was to promote his personal war against legitimate scientists? (And collect a few bucks from the “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my mind.” audience.)



Note: Run a Google search using the above phrase for other sources to confirm that this is what Martin Durkin actually said.





A link to this web page by MIT’s Professor Carl Wunsch
(The aforementioned scientist who was “swindled” by Martin Durkin)

1) Go to:

http://ocean.mit.edu/~cwunsch/CHANNEL4.html

2) Click on: “Discussion of some of the science and other distortion in the "Swindle" (Bill Butler)”





A link from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation’s “The Science Show”

1) Go to:

http://www.abc.net.au/rn/scienceshow/stories/2007/1966036.htm

2) Click on: “Durango Bill's Debunking the Deniers of Global Warming”


(Listed under “Further Information”)




A link from “The Dilbert Blog” that generated over 10,000 page hits

http://dilbertblog.typepad.com/the_dilbert_blog/2007/05/global_warming_.html

(Just before the Comments section)



[Update: It took about ten minutes for reader Chris Graham to post this link debunking the video "The Great Global Warming Swindle.": http://www.durangobill.com/Swindle_Swindle.html. Obviously I am unqualified to judge either the video or the debunking to it, but the last thing I read always seems the most persuasive.]







Complaint to Ofcom

The following is a copy of an online complaint that the author has filed with the UK’s Office of Communications (Ofcom)

http://www.ofcom.org.uk/complain/

From: (Address & Tel. omitted for this posting)

To: Complaints at the UK’s Office of Communications (Ofcom) http://www.ofcom.org.uk/complain/

Dear Sirs:

   While I am not a citizen of the United Kingdom and did not see the original “Channel 4” broadcast of “The Great Global Warming Swindle”, the program has been widely posted on the Internet via YouTube.com (where I first saw it), Google Videos, and subsequently via several dozen “pirate” postings.

   I understand that there have been multiple formal complaints filed in regard to the broadcast. I am not familiar with the specific UK broadcasting regulations that have been violated, but I would like to file a complaint that the claimed data and observational assertions made in the program are in fact false and fictitious. In any scientific investigation you are allowed to “interpret” real data/observations, but if you falsify the source data you are willfully misleading other people into potentially believing these falsified observations. In turn erroneous governmental/industry policy decisions may be based on this false data, and public acceptance of these false observations may lead to decisions that are misguided and wasteful of taxpayer funds.

   I have outlined some of my observations on the misleading/fraudulent data regarding the “pseudo-documentary” at a web page titled: “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a Swindle http://www.durangobill.com/Swindle_Swindle.html

   In an effort to try to stop the worldwide dissemination (via television in other countries, the Internet, DVD sales, etc.) of what I regard as fraudulent/dishonest material, I ask that you force Channel 4 (and any other directly supervised parties) to publicly apologize for presenting the program and force them to state that the presentation was not based on factual data.

Sincerely,

Bill Butler



Correspondence with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)

   A representative of the ABC contacted me (by E-mail) before their July 12, 2007 scheduled broadcast of “The Swindle”. All information/inquiries from them will remain confidential as per their request, but the following is part of my July 7, 2007 reply.



“My opinion.

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation is doing a major disservice by broadcasting the film. You are fanning the flames of emotionalism in pursuit of ratings. There are major questions that should be addressed by policy makers throughout the world. These would include:

Can anything meaningful be done to mitigate "Global Warming" (Climate Change)?
If something meaningful can be done, what will it cost? (And you better have a firm grip on something when you address this problem.)

The one sure guarantee regarding the presentation of the movie is that policy makers will not be able to make rational decisions. Anything that they might do will instead be based on emotional opinions of the voters who have elected them. I fear the eventual outcome will be that a great deal of money will be wasted on "pseudo-solutions" that will accomplish - nothing.


Sincerely,

Bill Butler”


Why did the Australian Broadcasting Corporation show “The Swindle”?

   In any “Ace” detective story, if you want to find “the culprit”, rule Number One is to either 1) “Follow the money” or 2) “Follow the politics”. In this case rule number 2) seems applicable as it seems the United States is not the only country in the world where “high ranking government officials” declare themselves to be disciples whose mission is to redefine science.



   There have been multiple stories in the Australian press that the ABC’s Board of Directors forced the movie to be shown despite the advice of the ABC’s science expert, Robyn Williams. In turn, the ABC’s Board of Directors is appointed by the Governor-General. The information shown below about four (a majority) of the board’s seven directors can be found at

http://www.answers.com/topic/australian-broadcasting-corporation

(unless otherwise indicated), and provides some insight as to the politics involved in the board’s decision to show the film.



Maurice Newman (ABC chairperson):

“Maurice Newman is the current Chairperson of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, as well as chair of the board of the Australian Stock Exchange. He is a close personal friend of Australian Prime Minister John Howard.”



Janet Albrechtsen:

“Albrechtsen's political views are strongly conservative, and she has supported the Howard government, the foreign policies of the Bush administration, the war on terror and the invasion of Iraq.”



Ron Brunton:

“Brunton's appointment to the ABC Board by the Australian Government of John Howard created controversy given his ideological partisanship.[1] However, it continues that government's attempt to move the ABC culture to a political position more amenable to its own.”



Keith Windschuttle:

(From “Australian Broadcasting Corporation adopts new “bias” rules”

http://www.wsws.org/articles/2006/nov2006/abc-n04.shtml

) “Prominent in the audience was ABC board member Janet Albrechtsen, a right-wing Murdoch columnist who reportedly initiated the policy shift. “An awful lot of work has gone into drawing up these guidelines,” she proudly told reporters. Another extreme right-wing Howard appointee to the board, Keith Windschuttle, also praised the guidelines.”





The “Quality” and “Reliability” of Martin Durkin’s “Research

   As noted earlier, Martin Durkin keeps changing the content of the movie as one after another of his misrepresentations are revealed. The picture below (from

http://www.abc.net.au/science/features/globalwarmingswindle/

) shows a new graph that was added to the July 12, 2007 Australian version of Martin Durkin’s pseudo-documentary.



And when did the Post War
Economic Boom begin?

   See if you can find any problems with the “quality” and “reliability” of Martin Durkin’s “research”.



Hint 1)

The attack on Pearl Harbor was December 7, 1941. (All dates are local time)



Hint 2)

Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945.



Hint 3)

Japan formally surrendered on September 2, 1945.



Hint 4)

The earliest that the

Post War Economic Boom”

could begin would have to be sometime after September 2, 1945.



Hint 5)

When did the

Post War Economic Boom”

begin according to Martin Durkin’s “Research”?



And this is from someone who claims: “Martin Durkin studied ancient and medieval history at University College London”

http://www.greatglobalwarmingswindle.co.uk/martin_durkin.html

Question: Why is there no reference to a degree?



   As for the “ACIA” source cited in the graph, the real “Arctic Climate Impact Assessment” includes a 140-page report titled

Impacts of a Warming Arctic

and a much larger 1020-page, “Scientific Report”

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

book. Both have conclusions that are radically different than Martin Durkin’s assertions. For example, from page 4 of ACIA’s

Policy Document

:


“1. The Arctic climate is now warming rapidly and much larger changes are projected.”


http://www.acia.uaf.edu

The
full temperature record from ACIA

   The picture to the right is from page 35 in ACIA’s “Arctic Climate: Past and Present” report at:

http://www.acia.uaf.edu/PDFs/ACIA_Science_Chapters_Final/ACIA_Ch02_Final.pdf

It appears to be the source for Durkin’s graph. Once again take a close look at the right hand portion of the graphs where Durkin has omitted the warmest year on record (original source uses data through 2003) as well as the steep rise in the smoothed curve.



(And a “thank you” goes to Wolfgang Wieser for finding this source.)


 





Stay tuned for future misrepresentations by Martin Durkin. . .







Also please see:

Global Warming Denial Liars
http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/GwdLiarsIndex.html

The “Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine”
(It’s actually a farm in very rural Oregon)
http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/OregonInstituteOfScienceAndMedicine.html

Roger Cohen’s proposed $5,000 bet
A (retired) Exxon Mobil executive’s attempt to use money to promote his personal agenda.
http://www.durangobill.com/RogerCohen.html




Note: The author (Bill Butler) of this web page is a

magna cum laude

, Computer Science graduate of Brown University. A brief bio can be found at message # 8

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CSAtrium/

(CSAtrium is a Yahoo group for the “alums of Brown University’s Computer Science Department and Computer Engineering graduates”.)

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Anthony Cohen
Anthony Cohen
South Africa Cape Town
Founder and CEO of Mygeni.org Environmentalist & Designer of holographic systems